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dc.contributor.authorHartley, Maria
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-21T18:37:59Z
dc.date.available2017-11-21T18:37:59Z
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10222/73445
dc.description.abstractBackground. Birth by Caesarean section (CS) is a risk factor for allergic disorders, diabetes, and obesity. Otitis media (OM) is a common childhood illness. Risk factors for OM include allergic disorders and obesity; therefore, CS may constitute a risk factor for OM. Objectives. To examine the risk of developing OM and the number of OM episodes in children born by CS compared to children born vaginally. Methods. Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine the risk of developing OM, and negative binomial regression models were used to model the number of OM episodes. Results. Children born by CS did not have an increased risk for OM (HR 1.01, 95% CI 0.98-1.03), but had a greater number of episodes (IRR 1.06, 95% CI 1.04-1.09). Conclusion. Caesarean section is a relatively weak risk factor for the number of OM episodes. This improves our understanding of CS outcomes and OM risk factors.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectCaesarean sectionen_US
dc.subjectOtitis mediaen_US
dc.subjectAllergic disordersen_US
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen_US
dc.subjectImmune developmenten_US
dc.subjectChildhood obesityen_US
dc.subjectMicrobiomeen_US
dc.subjectMode of deliveryen_US
dc.titleThe Association between Birth by Caesarean Section and Otitis Media in Nova Scotian Childrenen_US
dc.date.defence2017-09-15
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Community Health & Epidemiologyen_US
dc.contributor.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
dc.contributor.external-examinerSentil Senthilselvanen_US
dc.contributor.graduate-coordinatorKathleen MacPhersonen_US
dc.contributor.thesis-readerJoanne Langleyen_US
dc.contributor.thesis-readerJillian Ashley-Martinen_US
dc.contributor.thesis-supervisorChristy Woolcotten_US
dc.contributor.thesis-supervisorStefan Kuhleen_US
dc.contributor.ethics-approvalReceiveden_US
dc.contributor.manuscriptsNot Applicableen_US
dc.contributor.copyright-releaseNot Applicableen_US
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